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Scientific Opinion addressing the state of the science on risk assessment of plant protection products for in-soil organisms.

Ockleford, Colin and Adriaanse, Paulien and Berny, Philippe and Brock, Theodorus and Duquesne, Sabine and Grilli, Sandro and Hernandez‐Jerez, Antonio F. and Bennekou, Susanne Hougaard and Klein, Michael and Kuhl, Thomas and Laskowski, Ryszard and Machera, Kyriaki and Pelkonen, Olavi and Pieper, Silvia and Stemmer, Michael and Sundh, Ingvar and Teodorovic, Ivana and Tiktak, Aaldrik and Topping, Chris J. and Wolterink, Gerrit and Craig, Peter and de Jong, Frank and Manachini, Barbara and Sousa, Paulo and Swarowsky, Klaus and Auteri, Domenica and Arena, Maria and Rob, Smith (2017) 'Scientific Opinion addressing the state of the science on risk assessment of plant protection products for in-soil organisms.', EFSA journal., 15 (2). e04690.


Following a request from EFSA, the Panel on Plant Protection Products and their Residues developed an opinion on the science behind the risk assessment of plant protection products for in-soil organisms. The current risk assessment scheme is reviewed, taking into account new regulatory frameworks and scientific developments. Proposals are made for specific protection goals for in-soil organisms being key drivers for relevant ecosystem services in agricultural landscapes such as nutrient cycling, soil structure, pest control and biodiversity. Considering the time-scales and biological processes related to the dispersal of the majority of in-soil organisms compared to terrestrial non-target arthropods living above soil, the Panel proposes that in-soil environmental risk assessments are made at in- and off-field scale considering field boundary levels. A new testing strategy which takes into account the relevant exposure routes for in-soil organisms and the potential direct and indirect effects is proposed. In order to address species recovery and long-term impacts of PPPs, the use of population models is also proposed.

Item Type:Article
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Publisher statement:© 2017 European Food Safety Authority. EFSA Journal published by John Wiley and Sons Ltd on behalf of European Food Safety Authority. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivs License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited and no modifications or adaptations are made.
Date accepted:15 December 2016
Date deposited:24 May 2017
Date of first online publication:22 February 2017
Date first made open access:24 May 2017

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