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The geometry of the infrared and X-ray obscurer in a dusty hyperluminous quasar.

Farrah, Duncan and Baloković, Mislav and Stern, Daniel and Harris, Kathryn and Kunimoto, Michelle and Walton, Dominic J. and Alexander, David M. and Arévalo, Patricia and Ballantyne, David R. and Bauer, Franz E. and Boggs, Steven and Brandt, William N. and Brightman, Murray and Christensen, Finn and Clements, David L. and Craig, William and Fabian, Andrew and Hailey, Charles and Harrison, Fiona and Koss, Michael and Lansbury, George B. and Luo, Bin and Paine, Jennie and Petty, Sara and Pitchford, Kate and Ricci, Claudio and Zhang, William (2016) 'The geometry of the infrared and X-ray obscurer in a dusty hyperluminous quasar.', Astrophysical journal., 831 (1). p. 76.


We study the geometry of the active galactic nucleus (AGN) obscurer in IRAS 09104+4109, an IR-luminous, radio-intermediate FR-I source at z = 0.442, using infrared data from Spitzer and Herschel, X-ray data from NuSTAR, Swift, Suzaku, and Chandra, and an optical spectrum from Palomar. The infrared data imply a total rest-frame 1–1000 μm luminosity of 5.5 × 1046 erg s−1 and require both an AGN torus and a starburst model. The AGN torus has an anisotropy-corrected IR luminosity of 4.9 × 1046 erg s−1 and a viewing angle and half-opening angle both of approximately 36° from pole-on. The starburst has a star formation rate of (110 ± 34) M ⊙ yr−1 and an age of <50 Myr. These results are consistent with two epochs of luminous activity in IRAS 09104+4109: one approximately 150 Myr ago, and one ongoing. The X-ray data suggest a photon index of Γ sime 1.8 and a line-of-sight column density of N H sime 5 × 1023 cm−2. This argues against a reflection-dominated hard X-ray spectrum, which would have implied a much higher N H and luminosity. The X-ray and infrared data are consistent with a bolometric AGN luminosity of L bol ~ (0.5–2.5) × 1047 erg s−1. The X-ray and infrared data are further consistent with coaligned AGN obscurers in which the line of sight "skims" the torus. This is also consistent with the optical spectra, which show both coronal iron lines and broad lines in polarized but not direct light. Combining constraints from the X-ray, optical, and infrared data suggest that the AGN obscurer is within a vertical height of 20 pc, and a radius of 125 pc, of the nucleus.

Item Type:Article
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Publisher statement:© 2016. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Date accepted:14 June 2016
Date deposited:03 July 2017
Date of first online publication:27 October 2016
Date first made open access:03 July 2017

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