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Understanding the role of damping and Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction on dynamic domain wall behaviour in platinum-ferromagnet nanowires.

Brandão, J. and Azzawi, S. and Hindmarch, A.T. and Atkinson, D. (2017) 'Understanding the role of damping and Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction on dynamic domain wall behaviour in platinum-ferromagnet nanowires.', Scientific reports., 7 (1). p. 4569.


Heavy metal layers, exemplified by Pt, are known to play a significant role in the magnetization behaviour of thin-film ferromagnets by three distinct mechanisms that can each contribute to the reversal process. These include modifying the local magnetization state via an interfacial Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction (IDMI), enhancement of the damping, via d-d hybridisation and spin-pumping across the interface, and the mediation of the magnetization switching, with the flow of current through a system, via the spin-Hall effect. Here we show for a system with weak interfacial DMI (NiFe/Pt) that the measurement of magnetic field-driven magnetization reversal, mediated by domain wall (DW) motion, is dominated by the enhanced intrinsic damping contribution as a function of the Pt capping layer thickness. But, we also show micromagnetically that the IDMI and damping also combine to modify the domain wall velocity behaviour when the damping is larger. It is also noted that Walker breakdown occurs at lower fields and peak DW velocity decreases in the presence of IDMI. These results highlight the significance of the relative contributions of the damping and the IDMI from the heavy metal layer on the magnetization reversal and provide a route to controlling the DW behaviour in nanoscale device structures.

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Publisher statement:Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit
Date accepted:05 May 2017
Date deposited:04 July 2017
Date of first online publication:04 July 2017
Date first made open access:04 July 2017

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