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Scientific Opinion addressing the state of the science on risk assessment of plant protection products for non-target arthropods.

Aagaard, A. and Brock, T. and Capri, E. and Duquesne, S. and Filipic, M. and Hernandez-Jerez, A.F. and Hirsch-Ernst, K.I. and Hougaard Bennekou, S. and Klein, M. and Kuhl, T. and Laskowski, R. and Liess, M. and Mantovani, A. and Ockleford, C. and Ossendorp, B. and Pickford, D. and Smith, R. and Sousa, P. and Sundh, I. and Tiktak, A. and Van Der Linden, T. and Craig, P.S. and de Jong, F. and Manachini, B. and Pieper, S. and Swarowsky, K. and Topping, C.J. and Streissl, F. (2015) 'Scientific Opinion addressing the state of the science on risk assessment of plant protection products for non-target arthropods.', EFSA journal., 13 (2). p. 3996.


Following a request from the European Food Safety Authority, the Panel on Plant Protection Products and their Residues developed an opinion on the science to support the development of a risk assessment scheme of plant protection products for non-target arthropods. The current risk assessment scheme is reviewed, taking into consideration recent workshops and progress in science. Proposals are made for specific protection goals which aim to protect important ecosystem services such as food web support, pest control and biodiversity. In order to address recovery and source–sink population dynamics, conducting a landscape-level risk assessment is suggested. A new risk assessment scheme is suggested which integrates modelling approaches. The main exposure routes for non-target arthropods are identified and proposals are made on how to integrate them in the risk assessment. The appropriateness of the currently used vegetation distribution factor was investigated. It is proposed that new tests be included in order to address exposure via oral uptake of residues and uncertainties related to differences in species sensitivity.

Item Type:Article
Full text:Publisher-imposed embargo
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File format - PDF
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Date accepted:No date available
Date deposited:04 July 2017
Date of first online publication:12 February 2015
Date first made open access:No date available

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