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Bureaucratic territory : First Nations, private property, and “turn-key” colonialism in Canada.

Schmidt, Jeremy J. (2018) 'Bureaucratic territory : First Nations, private property, and “turn-key” colonialism in Canada.', Annals of the American Association of Geographers., 108 (4). pp. 901-916.

Abstract

Since 2006, successive Canadian governments have worked to create private property regimes on lands reserved for First Nations. This article examines how the state framed the theory and history of Aboriginal property rights to achieve this goal. It then shows how, under the pretense of restoration, bureaucrats developed legislation that would create novel political spaces where, once converted to private property, reserved lands would function as a new kind of federal municipality in Canada. These changes took place in two ways: First, bureaucrats situated Aboriginal property within the state apparatus and reconfigured Indigenous territorial rights into a series of “regulatory gaps” regarding voting thresholds, certainty of title, and the historical misrepresentation of First Nations economies. Second, the government crafted legislation under what is known as the First Nations Property Ownership Initiative that, by closing regulatory gaps, would produce private property regimes analogous to municipal arrangements elsewhere in Canada. These bureaucratic practices realigned internal state mechanisms to produce novel external boundaries among the state, Indigenous lands, and the economy. By tracking how bureaucratic practices adapted to Indigenous refusals of state agendas, the article shows how the bureaucratic production of territory gave form to a new iteration of settler-colonialism in Canada.

Item Type:Article
Full text:(AM) Accepted Manuscript
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Status:Peer-reviewed
Publisher Web site:https://doi.org/10.1080/24694452.2017.1403878
Publisher statement:This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Annals of the American Association of Geographers on 18 Jan 2018, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/24694452.2017.1403878.
Date accepted:01 June 2017
Date deposited:27 September 2017
Date of first online publication:18 January 2018
Date first made open access:18 January 2019

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