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Trickle-down ethnic politics : drunk and absent in the Kenya Police Force (1957-1970).

Eynde, Oliver Vanden and Kuhn, Patrick M. and Moradi, Alexander (2018) 'Trickle-down ethnic politics : drunk and absent in the Kenya Police Force (1957-1970).', American economic journal : economic policy., 10 (3). pp. 388-417.


How does ethnic politics affect the state’s ability to provide policing services? Using a panel of administrative personnel data on the full careers of 6,784 police officers, we show how the rise of ethnic politics around Kenya’s independence influenced policemen’s behavior. We find a significant deterioration in discipline after Kenya’s first multiparty election for those police officers of ethnic groups associated with the ruling party. These effects are driven by a behavioral change among these policemen. We find no evidence of favoritism within the police. Instead, our results are consistent with co-ethnic officers experiencing an emboldenment effect. Our findings highlight that the state’s security apparatus, at its most granular level, is not insulated from ethnic politics.

Item Type:Article
Full text:(AM) Accepted Manuscript
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Publisher statement:Revised for AEA
Date accepted:13 November 2017
Date deposited:28 November 2017
Date of first online publication:31 August 2018
Date first made open access:31 August 2018

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