Nandy, Dibyendu and Bhowmik, Prantika and Yeates, Anthony R. and Panda, Suman and Tarafder, Rajashik and Dash, Soumyaranjan (2018) 'The large-scale coronal structure of the 2017 August 21 Great American Eclipse : an assessment of solar surface flux transport model enabled predictions and observations.', The astrophysical journal., 853 (1). p. 72.
On 2017 August 21, a total solar eclipse swept across the contiguous United States, providing excellent opportunities for diagnostics of the Sun's corona. The Sun's coronal structure is notoriously difficult to observe except during solar eclipses; thus, theoretical models must be relied upon for inferring the underlying magnetic structure of the Sun's outer atmosphere. These models are necessary for understanding the role of magnetic fields in the heating of the corona to a million degrees and the generation of severe space weather. Here we present a methodology for predicting the structure of the coronal field based on model forward runs of a solar surface flux transport model, whose predicted surface field is utilized to extrapolate future coronal magnetic field structures. This prescription was applied to the 2017 August 21 solar eclipse. A post-eclipse analysis shows good agreement between model simulated and observed coronal structures and their locations on the limb. We demonstrate that slow changes in the Sun's surface magnetic field distribution driven by long-term flux emergence and its evolution governs large-scale coronal structures with a (plausibly cycle-phase dependent) dynamical memory timescale on the order of a few solar rotations, opening up the possibility for large-scale, global corona predictions at least a month in advance.
|Full text:||(VoR) Version of Record|
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|Publisher Web site:||https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/aaa1eb|
|Publisher statement:||© 2018. The American Astronomical Society.|
|Date accepted:||07 December 2017|
|Date deposited:||26 January 2018|
|Date of first online publication:||24 January 2018|
|Date first made open access:||26 January 2018|
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