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Recent advances in the synthesis of peptoid macrocycles.

Webster, A.M. and Cobb, S.L. (2018) 'Recent advances in the synthesis of peptoid macrocycles.', Chemistry : a European journal., 24 (30). pp. 7560-7573.

Abstract

Over the past two decades, developing medical applications for peptides has, and continues to be a highly active area of research. At present there are over 60 peptide-based drugs on the market and more than 140 in various stages of clinical trials. The interest in peptide-based therapeutics arises from their biocompatibility and their ability to form defined secondary and tertiary structures, resulting in a high selectivity for complex targets. However, there are significant challenges associated with the development of peptide-based therapeutics, namely peptides are readily metabolised in vivo. Peptoids are an emerging class of peptidomimetic and they offer an alternative to peptides. Peptoids are comprised of N-substituted glycines where side-chains are located on the nitrogen atom of the amide backbone rather than the α-carbon as is the case in peptides. This change in structure confers a high degree of resistance to proteolytic degradation but the absence of any backbone hydrogen bonding means that peptoids exhibit a high degree of conformational flexibility. Cyclisation has been explored as one possible route to rigidify peptoid structures, making them more selective, and, therefore more desirable as potential therapeutics. This review outlines the various strategies that have been developed over the last decade to access new types of macrocyclic peptoids.

Item Type:Article
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Status:Peer-reviewed
Publisher Web site:https://doi.org/10.1002/chem.201705340
Publisher statement:© 2018 The Authors. Published by Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Date accepted:10 January 2018
Date deposited:31 January 2018
Date of first online publication:21 February 2018
Date first made open access:No date available

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