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Edge-induced shear banding in entangled polymeric fluids.

Hemingway, Ewan J. and Fielding, Suzanne M. (2018) 'Edge-induced shear banding in entangled polymeric fluids.', Physical review letters., 120 (13). p. 138002.

Abstract

Despite decades of research, the question of whether solutions and melts of highly entangled polymers exhibit shear banding as their steady state response to a steadily imposed shear flow remains controversial. From a theoretical viewpoint, an important unanswered question is whether the underlying constitutive curve of shear stress σ as a function of shear rate ˙γ (for states of homogeneous shear) is monotonic, or has a region of negative slope, dσ/d˙γ<0, which would trigger banding. Attempts to settle the question experimentally via velocimetry of the flow field inside the fluid are often confounded by an instability of the free surface where the sample meets the outside air, known as “edge fracture.” Here we show by numerical simulation that in fact even only very modest edge disturbances—which are the precursor of full edge fracture but might well, in themselves, go unnoticed experimentally—can cause strong secondary flows in the form of shear bands that invade deep into the fluid bulk. Crucially, this is true even when the underlying constitutive curve is monotonically increasing, precluding true bulk shear banding in the absence of edge effects.

Item Type:Article
Full text:(VoR) Version of Record
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Status:Peer-reviewed
Publisher Web site:https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.120.138002
Publisher statement:Reprinted with permission from the American Physical Society: Hemingway, Ewan J. & Fielding, Suzanne M. (2018). Edge-Induced Shear Banding in Entangled Polymeric Fluids. Physical Review Letters 120(13): 138002 © 2018 by the American Physical Society. Readers may view, browse, and/or download material for temporary copying purposes only, provided these uses are for noncommercial personal purposes. Except as provided by law, this material may not be further reproduced, distributed, transmitted, modified, adapted, performed, displayed, published, or sold in whole or part, without prior written permission from the American Physical Society.
Date accepted:26 January 2018
Date deposited:12 April 2018
Date of first online publication:30 March 2018
Date first made open access:12 April 2018

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