We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. By continuing to browse this repository, you give consent for essential cookies to be used. You can read more about our Privacy and Cookie Policy.

Durham Research Online
You are in:

Bioinspired synthesis of monolithic and layered aerogels.

Han, Xiao and Hassan, Khalil T. and Harvey, Alan and Kulijer, Dejan and Oila, Adrian and Hunt, Michael R.C. and Siller, Lidija (2018) 'Bioinspired synthesis of monolithic and layered aerogels.', Advanced materials., 30 (23). p. 1706294.


Aerogels are the least dense and most porous materials known to man, with potential applications from lightweight superinsulators to smart energy materials. To date their use has been seriously hampered by their synthesis methods, which are laborious and expensive. Taking inspiration from the life cycle of the damselfly, a novel ambient pressure‐drying approach is demonstrated in which instead of employing low‐surface‐tension organic solvents to prevent pore collapse during drying, sodium bicarbonate solution is used to generate pore‐supporting carbon dioxide in situ, significantly reducing energy, time, and cost in aerogel production. The generic applicability of this readily scalable new approach is demonstrated through the production of granules, monoliths, and layered solids with a number of precursor materials.

Item Type:Article
Full text:(AM) Accepted Manuscript
Download PDF
Publisher Web site:
Publisher statement:This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Han, Xiao, Hassan, Khalil T., Harvey, Alan, Kulijer, Dejan, Oila, Adrian, Hunt, Michael R.C. & Siller, Lidija (2018). Bioinspired Synthesis of Monolithic and Layered Aerogels. Advanced Materials, 30(23): 1706294, which has been published in final form at This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley-VCH Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.
Date accepted:07 March 2018
Date deposited:17 April 2018
Date of first online publication:25 April 2018
Date first made open access:25 April 2019

Save or Share this output

Look up in GoogleScholar