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Exploring the workings of Shari’ah Supervisory Board in Islamic finance : a perspective of Shari’ah scholars from GCC.

Al Mannai, M. and Ahmed, H. (2019) 'Exploring the workings of Shari’ah Supervisory Board in Islamic finance : a perspective of Shari’ah scholars from GCC.', Quarterly review of economics and finance., 74 . pp. 97-108.


Islamic finance continues to gain popularity regionally, internationally and both among the Muslim and non-Muslim countries. The Islamic Financial Institution (IFI) differs from its conventional counterpart in its governance structure. It is imperative for the IFI to maintain Shari’ah compliance in all its dealings. Hence, an essential element in the IFI is its Shari’ah Supervisory Board (SSB) and its Shari’ah Governance system. This paper empirically examines the SSB’s structure, and Shari’ah supervision function directly from the SSB members themselves. Right from their appointment, mandates and responsibiities, how they function, to their views on Shari’ah risk, Shari’ah compliance, and to how Shari’ah review and reporting is performed. The findings reveal issues related to the flow of information, governance of SBB and independence of Shari’ah supervision and Shari’ah review as some of the key issues that would need to be addressed/strengthened to enhance confidence, and contribute to the credibility of the of IFI and the Islamic finance market. The opinions expressed are towards having some regulatory involvement that would contribute to the enhancement of supervision.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Shari’ah Supervisory Board, Shari’ah Governance, Shari’ah independence, Islamic Financial Institutions, Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC).
Full text:(AM) Accepted Manuscript
Available under License - Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.
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Publisher statement:© 2018 This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license
Date accepted:26 May 2018
Date deposited:01 June 2018
Date of first online publication:29 May 2018
Date first made open access:29 May 2020

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