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Durham Research Online
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Protecting free speech and academic freedom in universities.

Cram, Ian and Fenwick, Helen (2018) 'Protecting free speech and academic freedom in universities.', Modern law review., 81 (5). pp. 825-873.


Restrictions on speaking events in universities have been created both by recent student‐led efforts at ‘no‐platforming’ and by Part 5 of the Counter‐terrorism and Security Act 2015 which placed aspects of the government's Prevent strategy on a statutory basis. The statutory Prevent duty in universities includes, under the accompanying Guidance, curbing or monitoring events that could have an impact in drawing persons into terrorism. This article places the combined impact of Part 5 and student‐led curbs on campus speech in context by juxtaposing pre‐existing restrictions with the various free speech duties of universities. Focusing on speaking events, it evaluates the resulting state of free speech and academic freedom in universities. It finds potential violations of established free speech norms due to the impact of pre‐emptive strikes against some campus‐linked speech articulating non‐mainstream viewpoints. But it also argues that not all such speech has a strong foundation within such norms.

Item Type:Article
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Publisher statement:This is the accepted version of the following article: Cram, Ian & Fenwick, Helen (2018). Protecting free speech and academic freedom in universities. Modern Law Review 81(5): 825-873, which has been published in final form at This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.
Date accepted:16 May 2018
Date deposited:20 June 2018
Date of first online publication:31 August 2018
Date first made open access:31 August 2019

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