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Durham Research Online
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Seeing green in San Francisco : city as resource frontier.

Knuth, Sarah (2015) 'Seeing green in San Francisco : city as resource frontier.', Antipode., 48 (3). pp. 626-644.


The early 21st century witnessed a boom in green building in San Francisco and similar cities. Major downtown property owners and investors retrofitted office towers, commissioned green certification, and critically, explored how greening might pay. Greening initiatives transcend corporate social responsibility: they represent a new attempt to enclose and speculate upon “green” value within the second nature of cities. However, this unconventional resource discovery requires a highly partial view of buildings’ socio‐natural entanglements in and beyond the city. I illuminate these efforts and their obscurities by exploring the experience of an exemplary green building in San Francisco, an office tower that has successively served as a headquarters organizing a vast resource periphery in the American West, a symbol and driver in the transformation of the city's own second nature, a financial “resource” in its own right, and most recently, an asset in an emerging global market for green property.

Item Type:Article
Full text:(AM) Accepted Manuscript
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Publisher statement:This is the accepted version of the following article: Knuth, Sarah (2016). Seeing Green in San Francisco: City as Resource Frontier. Antipode 48(3): 626-644 which has been published in final form at This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.
Date accepted:08 September 2015
Date deposited:28 June 2018
Date of first online publication:27 November 2015
Date first made open access:No date available

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