Cartwright, N. and Marcellesi, A. (2016) 'Deliberating policy : where morals and methods mix.', in The philosophy of Philip Kitcher. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 229-252.
Nancy Cartwright and Alexandre Marcellesi argue that policy decisions ought to be based on (1) whether the policy will be effective and (2) whether it is morally, politically, socially, and culturally acceptable. Greater weight, though, is often given to (1) because it is believed that we have better methods for answering (1) than (2). However, we are overconfident in our judgments about (1) because we “bank on” certainty, believe that “objective” methods—such as randomized controlled trials (RCTs)—are the best path to such certainty, and think that causality is linear and “God-given.” Causal relations are far more complex, while the objective relations we discover through RCTs are local, surface-level, and expressible only in language specific to the RCTs. Our mistaken ideas about objectivity, certainty, and causality lead us to overgeneralize from a few RCTs without adequately addressing the moral ramifications of doing so.
|Item Type:||Book chapter|
|Additional Information:||Also Durham University: CHESS Working Paper No. 2014-02.|
|Full text:||(AM) Accepted Manuscript|
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|Publisher Web site:||https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199381357.003.0010|
|Publisher statement:||Deliberating Policy: Where Morals and Methods Mix by Nancy Cartwright and Alexandre Marcellesi, 2016, reproduced by permission of Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199381357.003.0010|
|Date accepted:||No date available|
|Date deposited:||04 July 2018|
|Date of first online publication:||07 July 2016|
|Date first made open access:||No date available|
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