We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. By continuing to browse this repository, you give consent for essential cookies to be used. You can read more about our Privacy and Cookie Policy.

Durham Research Online
You are in:

Made in China and the new world of secondary resource recovery.

Gregson, N. and Crang, M. (2019) 'Made in China and the new world of secondary resource recovery.', Environment and planning A., 51 (4). pp. 1031-1040.


On 18 July 2017, the Chinese government informed the World Trade Organization of its intention, by year end, to ban imports of recovered mixed paper, recycled plastic, textiles and vanadium slag. In April 2018, China extended that ban to another 32 categories of used goods and materials, including scrap metal. Another 16 categories are banned from the end of 2020 and new standards applied to others. Suddenly, waste and recycling had catapulted from industries that few cared much about to the top of the agenda of the primary body governing global trade ( – 27 March 2018) and onto the desks of municipalities and governments across the world. Why? Because in 2015 and 2016, the last available official figures show China (often via Hong Kong) imported at least 48.2 and 46.7 million tonnes, respectively, in the customs categories that include the affected wastes (

Item Type:Article
Full text:(AM) Accepted Manuscript
Download PDF
Publisher Web site:
Publisher statement:Gregson, N. & Crang, M. (2019). Made in China and the new world of secondary resource recovery. Environment and Planning A 51(4): 1031-1040. (First Published August 12, 2018) Copyright © 2018 The Author(s). Reprinted by permission of SAGE Publications.
Date accepted:05 July 2018
Date deposited:06 July 2018
Date of first online publication:12 August 2018
Date first made open access:06 July 2018

Save or Share this output

Look up in GoogleScholar