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Relative reference prices and M&A misvaluations.

Li, Z. and Guo, M. and Andrikopoulos, P. (2019) 'Relative reference prices and M&A misvaluations.', Review of behavioral finance., 11 (1). p. 70.


Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the misvaluation hypothesis using a relative reference point (RRP) in mergers and acquisitions (M&A) market. Design/methodology/approach: The paper studies 1,878 M&A deals in the US market announced between January 1985 and December 2014. Findings: The paper finds that bidders prefer stock payments when the RRP increases. The RRP is positively related to the offer premium and the target announcement returns. Although the RRP is negatively related to the bidder announcement returns, it is positively related to the long-run performance of bidders who time the market with overvalued stocks. The results are consistent with the predictions of the misvaluation hypothesis and reference point (RP) theory. Originality/value: The authors construct a dynamic valuation framework to explain the misvaluation hypothesis by linking M&As’ misvaluation with RP theory. This paper provides direct evidence that the reference-dependence bias is prevalent for more experienced investors in major corporate investment decisions and offers fresh insights into the method of payment hypothesis.

Item Type:Article
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Publisher statement:This article is © Emerald Group Publishing and permission has been granted for this version to appear here ( Emerald does not grant permission for this article to be further copied/distributed or hosted elsewhere without the express permission from Emerald Group Publishing Limited.
Date accepted:07 July 2018
Date deposited:09 July 2018
Date of first online publication:05 June 2019
Date first made open access:05 June 2019

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