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A machine-learning method for identifying multiwavelength counterparts of submillimeter galaxies : training and testing using AS2UDS and ALESS.

An, Fang Xia and Stach, S. M. and Smail, Ian and Swinbank, A. M. and Almaini, O. and Simpson, C. and Hartley, W. and Maltby, D. T. and Ivison, R. J. and Arumugam, V. and Wardlow, J. L. and Cooke, E. A. and Gullberg, B. and Thomson, A. P. and Chen, Chian-Chou and Simpson, J. M. and Geach, J. E. and Scott, D. and Dunlop, J. S. and Farrah, D. and Werf, P. van der and Blain, A. W. and Conselice, C. and Michałowski, M. and Chapman, S. C. and Coppin, K. E. K. (2018) 'A machine-learning method for identifying multiwavelength counterparts of submillimeter galaxies : training and testing using AS2UDS and ALESS.', Astrophysical journal., 862 (2). p. 101.


We describe the application of supervised machine-learning algorithms to identify the likely multiwavelength counterparts to submillimeter sources detected in panoramic, single-dish submillimeter surveys. As a training set, we employ a sample of 695 (S 870μm gsim 1 mJy) submillimeter galaxies (SMGs) with precise identifications from the ALMA follow-up of the SCUBA-2 Cosmology Legacy Survey's UKIDSS-UDS field (AS2UDS). We show that radio emission, near-/mid-infrared colors, photometric redshift, and absolute H-band magnitude are effective predictors that can distinguish SMGs from submillimeter-faint field galaxies. Our combined radio + machine-learning method is able to successfully recover ~85% of ALMA-identified SMGs that are detected in at least three bands from the ultraviolet to radio. We confirm the robustness of our method by dividing our training set into independent subsets and using these for training and testing, respectively, as well as applying our method to an independent sample of ~100 ALMA-identified SMGs from the ALMA/LABOCA ECDF-South Survey (ALESS). To further test our methodology, we stack the 870 μm ALMA maps at the positions of those K-band galaxies that are classified as SMG counterparts by the machine learning but do not have a >4.3σ ALMA detection. The median peak flux density of these galaxies is S 870μm = (0.61 ± 0.03) mJy, demonstrating that our method can recover faint and/or diffuse SMGs even when they are below the detection threshold of our ALMA observations. In future, we will apply this method to samples drawn from panoramic single-dish submillimeter surveys that currently lack interferometric follow-up observations to address science questions that can only be tackled with large statistical samples of SMGs.

Item Type:Article
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Publisher statement:© 2018. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Date accepted:17 June 2018
Date deposited:09 August 2018
Date of first online publication:27 July 2018
Date first made open access:09 August 2018

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