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Deference, paternalism and popular memory in early modern England.

Wood, Andy (2013) 'Deference, paternalism and popular memory in early modern England.', in Remaking English society : social relations and social change in early modern England. Woodbridge: Boydell Press, pp. 233-253. Studies in early modern cultural, political and social history. (14).


The poetry of John Clare, the most articulate voice of the rural working class of early nineteenth-century England, can be read as a meditation upon the relationship between memory and social relations. Clare drew upon the local traditions with which he had been brought up, setting them as golden memories against the harshness of the social conditions of the time at which he was writing.¹ Within Clare’s vision of agrarian history, parliamentary enclosure had fractured a distinct set of social relations, one characterised by paternalism, decency and kindness. In The Shepherd’s Calendar, Clare conjures up a lost world of social...

Item Type:Book chapter
Full text:Publisher-imposed embargo
(AM) Accepted Manuscript
File format - PDF (Copyright agreement prohibits open access to the full-text)
Publisher Web site:
Date accepted:No date available
Date deposited:14 August 2018
Date of first online publication:April 2013
Date first made open access:No date available

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