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Gamma-ray emission from high Galactic latitude globular clusters.

Lloyd, Sheridan J. and Chadwick, Paula M. and Brown, Anthony M. (2018) 'Gamma-ray emission from high Galactic latitude globular clusters.', Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society., 480 (4). pp. 4782-4796.


We analyse 8 years of PASS 8 Fermi-LAT data, in the 60 MeV - 300 GeV energy range, from 30 high Galactic latitude globular clusters. Six of these globular clusters are detected with a TS > 25, with NGC 6254 being detected as gamma-ray bright for the first time. The most significant detection is of the well-known globular cluster 47 Tuc, and we produce a refined spectral fit for this object with a log parabola model. NGC 6093, NGC 6752 and NGC 6254 are fitted with hard, flat power law models, NGC 7078 is best fitted with a soft power law and NGC 6218 is best fitted with a hard, broken power law. This variety of spectral models suggests that there is a variety of γ-ray source types within globular clusters, in addition to the traditional millisecond pulsar interpretation. We identify a correspondence between diffuse X-ray emission in globular cluster cores and gamma-ray emission. This connection suggests that gamma-ray emission in globular clusters could also arise from unresolved X-ray sources or a relativistic electron population, perhaps generated by the millisecond pulsars. X-ray observations of further gamma-ray bright globular clusters would allow a functional relationship to be determined between diffuse X-ray and gamma-ray emission.

Item Type:Article
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Publisher statement:This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society © 2018 The Authors. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Date accepted:06 August 2018
Date deposited:22 August 2018
Date of first online publication:09 August 2018
Date first made open access:No date available

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