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Does black-hole growth depend on the cosmic environment?

Yang(杨光), G. and Brandt, W. N. and Darvish, B. and Chen(陳建廷), C.-T. J. and Vito, F. and Alexander, D. M. and Bauer, F. E. and Trump, J. R. (2018) 'Does black-hole growth depend on the cosmic environment?', Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society., 480 (1). pp. 1022-1042.


It is well known that environment affects galaxy evolution, which is broadly related to supermassive black hole (SMBH) growth. We investigate whether SMBH evolution also depends on host-galaxy local (sub-Mpc) and global (≈1–10 Mpc) environment. We construct the surface-density field (local environment) and cosmic web (global environment) in the Cosmic Evolution Survey (COSMOS) field at z = 0.3–3.0. The environments in COSMOS range from the field to clusters (Mhalo ≲ 1014 M⊙), covering the environments where ≈99 per cent of galaxies in the Universe reside. We measure sample-averaged SMBH accretion rate ( BHAR¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯ ) from X-ray observations, and study its dependence on overdensity and cosmic-web environment at different redshifts while controlling for galaxy stellar mass (M⋆). Our results show that BHAR¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯ does not significantly depend on overdensity or cosmic-web environment once M⋆ is controlled, indicating that environment-related physical mechanisms (e.g. tidal interaction and ram-pressure stripping) might not significantly affect SMBH growth. We find that BHAR¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯ is strongly related to host-galaxy M⋆, regardless of environment.

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Publisher statement:This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society ©: 2018 The Author(s) Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Date accepted:14 July 2018
Date deposited:13 September 2018
Date of first online publication:19 July 2018
Date first made open access:13 September 2018

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