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Durham Research Online
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On-line ostracism affects children differently from adolescents and adults.

Abrams, Dominic and Weick, Mario and Thomas, Dominique and Colbe, Hazel and Franklin, Keith M. (2011) 'On-line ostracism affects children differently from adolescents and adults.', British journal of developmental psychology., 29 (1). pp. 110-123.

Abstract

This research examines adults', and for the first time, children's and adolescents' reaction to being ostracized and included, using an on-line game, 'Cyberball' with same and opposite sex players. Ostracism strongly threatened four primary needs (esteem, belonging, meaning, and control) and lowered mood among 8- to 9-year-olds, 13- to 14-year-olds, and adults. However, it did so in different ways. Ostracism threatened self-esteem needs more among 8- to 9-year-olds than older participants. Among 13- to 14-year-olds, ostracism threatened belonging more than other needs. Belonging was threatened most when ostracism was participants' first experience in the game. Moreover, when participants had been included beforehand, ostracism threatened meaning needs most strongly. Gender of other players had no effect. Practical and developmental implications for social inclusion and on-line experiences among children and young people are discussed.

Item Type:Article
Full text:(AM) Accepted Manuscript
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Status:Peer-reviewed
Publisher Web site:https://doi.org/10.1348/026151010X494089
Publisher statement:This is the accepted version of the following article: Abrams, Dominic Weick, Mario , Thomas, Dominique Colbe, Hazel & Franklin, Keith M. (2011). On-line ostracism affects children differently from adolescents and adults. British Journal of Developmental Psychology 29(1): 110-123 which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1348/026151010X494089. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.
Date accepted:No date available
Date deposited:19 September 2018
Date of first online publication:03 February 2011
Date first made open access:No date available

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