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Bernard of Clairvaux, material and spiritual order, and the economy of salvation.

Gasper, Giles E. M. (2019) 'Bernard of Clairvaux, material and spiritual order, and the economy of salvation.', Journal of medieval history., 45 (5). pp. 580-596.


This article explores themes connected to the spiritual and the material, especially in connection with order and economy, in the thought of the Cistercian abbot Bernard of Clairvaux (1090/1–1153). It argues that these themes are particularly useful to an analysis of Bernard’s articulation of the challenge of human existence in a fallen world, and the proper role of the Church, its leaders and members, in response to wider concerns for Christian salvation and the material circumstances of twelfth-century Europe. Three treatises provide case studies for this approach, contextualised with discussion of economy in the Christian tradition, and its implications more widely in Bernard’s writing.

Item Type:Article
Full text:(AM) Accepted Manuscript
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Publisher statement:This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Journal of Medieval History on 28 August 2019 available online:
Date accepted:19 August 2019
Date deposited:19 October 2018
Date of first online publication:28 August 2019
Date first made open access:28 February 2021

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