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Supporting children and young people when making decisions about joining clinical trials : qualitative study to inform multimedia website development.

Martin-Kerry, Jacqueline M. and Knapp, Peter and Atkin, Karl and Bower, Peter and Watt, Ian and Stones, Catherine and Higgins, Steven and Sheridan, Rebecca and Preston, Jenny and Horton Taylor, Danielle and Baines, Paul and Young, Bridget (2019) 'Supporting children and young people when making decisions about joining clinical trials : qualitative study to inform multimedia website development.', BMJ open., 9 (1). bmjopen-2018-023984.


Objectives: To understand stakeholders’ views regarding the content and design of paediatric clinical trial multimedia websites. To describe how this knowledge informed the development of the multimedia websites. Design: Qualitative study comprising two rounds of interviews or focus groups, with thematic analysis of interview transcripts. Participants: Sixty-two people (21 children and young people with long-term health conditions, 24 parents and 17 professionals). Setting: One UK children’s hospital and one UK Young Persons’ Advisory Group. Results: When asked what was important in deciding whether to join a trial, children, young people and parents prioritised information about what participation would involve, what the trial was testing, potential benefits and risks of participation and knowing they could leave the trial if they later changed their minds. Young people and parents trusted trial teams to follow regulatory and quality requirements and therefore did not think such information was a priority for the websites, although logos of trusted organisations could lend credibility. Professionals largely concurred with these views. Children and young people advised on the importance of designing the multimedia website to ensure its appearance, tone and wording suited the intended audience and on using animated characters to facilitate children’s engagement. Conclusions: Our study provides insights into the information that families value when deciding about healthcare trial participation. It provides guidance on the design of information resources to appeal to children and young people, while also being acceptable to parents and professionals who are often gatekeepers of children’s access to information. Our findings will be of use to others developing similar multimedia websites. We report specific information needs and new visual preferences that are not usually addressed in printed trial information. Our work illustrates what qualitative research and participatory design practices can contribute to the development of information resources more generally.

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Publisher statement:This is an open access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported (CC BY 4.0) license, which permits others to copy, redistribute, remix, transform and build upon this work for any purpose, provided the original work is properly cited, a link to the licence is given, and indication of whether changes were made. See:
Date accepted:09 October 2018
Date deposited:01 February 2019
Date of first online publication:09 January 2019
Date first made open access:01 February 2019

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