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Student/teachers from Turfloop : the propagation of Black Consciousness in South African schools, 1972–76.

Heffernan, Anne (2019) 'Student/teachers from Turfloop : the propagation of Black Consciousness in South African schools, 1972–76.', Africa., 89 (S1). S189-S209.


The movement of school teachers to primary and secondary schools around South Africa and its Bantustans in the early and mid-1970s was an intentional part of the project of propagating Black Consciousness to school learners during this period. The movement of these educators played a key role in their ability to spread Black Consciousness philosophy, and in the political forms and methods they chose in teaching it. These were shaped by their own political conscientization and training in ethnically segregated colleges, but also in large part by the social realities of the areas to which they moved. Their efforts not only laid the foundation for Black Consciousness organization in communities across South Africa, they also influenced student and youth mechanisms for political action beyond the scope of Black Consciousness politics. This article explores three case studies of teachers who studied at the University of the North (Turfloop) and their trajectories after leaving university. All of these teachers moved to Turfloop as students, and then away from it thereafter. The article argues that this pattern of movement, which was a direct result of apartheid restrictions on where black South Africans could live, study and work, shaped the knowledge they transmitted in their classrooms, and thus influenced the political consciousness of a new generation.

Item Type:Article
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Publisher statement:This article has been published in a revised form in Africa This version is free to view and download for private research and study only. Not for re-distribution, re-sale or use in derivative works. © International African Institute 2019.
Date accepted:04 May 2018
Date deposited:05 February 2019
Date of first online publication:16 January 2019
Date first made open access:05 February 2019

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