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Potential applications of digital technology in assessment, treatment, and self-help for hallucinations.

Thomas, Neil and Bless, Josef J. and Alderson-Day, Ben and Bell, Imogen H. and Cella, Matteo and Craig, Tom and Delespaul, Philippe and Hugdahl, Kenneth and Laloyaux, Julien and Larøi, Frank and Lincoln, Tania M. and Schlier, Björn and Urwyler, Prabitha and van den Berg, David and Jardri, Renaud (2019) 'Potential applications of digital technology in assessment, treatment, and self-help for hallucinations.', Schizophrenia bulletin., 45 (Supplement_1). S32-S42.


The field of digital mental health is rapidly expanding with digital tools being used in assessment, intervention, and supporting self-help. The application of digital mental health to hallucinations is, however, at a very early stage. This report from a working group of the International Consortium on Hallucinations Research considers particular synergies between the phenomenon of hallucinations and digital tools that are being developed. Highlighted uses include monitoring and managing intermittently occurring hallucinations in daily life; therapeutic applications of audio and video media including virtual and augmented reality; targeting verbal aspects of hallucinations; and using avatars to represent hallucinatory voices. Although there is a well-established Internet-based peer support network, digital resources for hallucinations have yet to be implemented in routine practice. Implementation may benefit from identifying how to market resources to the broad range of populations who experience hallucinations and identifying sustainable funding models. It is envisaged that digital tools will contribute to improved self-management and service provision for people experiencing hallucinations.

Item Type:Article
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Publisher statement:© The Author(s) 2019. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Maryland Psychiatric Research Center. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted reuse, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Date accepted:No date available
Date deposited:13 February 2019
Date of first online publication:01 February 2019
Date first made open access:13 February 2019

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