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Hallucinations in children and adolescents : an updated review and practical recommendations for clinicians.

Maijer, Kim and Hayward, Mark and Fernyhough, Charles and Calkins, Monica E. and Debbané, Martin and Jardri, Renaud and Kelleher, Ian and Raballo, Andrea and Rammou, Aikaterini and Scott, James G. and Shinn, Ann K. and Steenhuis, Laura A. and Wolf, Daniel H. and Bartels-Velthuis, Agna A. (2019) 'Hallucinations in children and adolescents : an updated review and practical recommendations for clinicians.', Schizophrenia bulletin., 45 (Supplement_1). S5-S23.


Hallucinations in children and adolescents are now known to occur on a continuum from healthy to psychopathology-related phenomena. Although hallucinations in young populations are mostly transient, they can cause substantial distress. Despite hallucinations being widely investigated, research so far has had limited implications for clinical practice. The present article has 3 main aims: (1) to review research findings since 2014 (when the last major review of the area was published); (2) to present assessment tools validated to measure hallucinations in children and adolescents; and (3) to discuss therapeutic strategies and clinical issues. We conclude by presenting a tailored care model for clinicians and outline future challenges for research.

Item Type:Article
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Publisher statement:© The Author(s) 2019. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Maryland Psychiatric Research Center. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted reuse, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Date accepted:No date available
Date deposited:13 February 2019
Date of first online publication:01 February 2019
Date first made open access:13 February 2019

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