We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. By continuing to browse this repository, you give consent for essential cookies to be used. You can read more about our Privacy and Cookie Policy.

Durham Research Online
You are in:

Experimental observations of bubbling regimes at in-line multi-orifice bubblers.

Capponi, Antonio and Llewellin, Edward W. (2019) 'Experimental observations of bubbling regimes at in-line multi-orifice bubblers.', International journal of multiphase flow., 114 . pp. 66-81.


Bubble formation and bubbling regimes are well-characterized for the cases of single-orifice bubblers and industrial perforated plates. However, bubbling regimes from bubblers with multiple in-line orifices remain poorly described. Here, we investigate the dynamics of bubble formation at both single-orifice and multi-orifice bubblers, with one, three, five and nine in-line orifices in an 80-cm-long bubbler. We use high-speed videography and image processing to identify the effects of bubbler volume, and the number, spacing, and diameter of orifices, on bubbling regimes, bubble period, and bubble formation time. We identify five main bubbling regimes based on synchronization among orifices, and discuss the parameters affecting the bubbling dynamics. Decreasing bubbler volume leads to a decrease in bubble volume and bubble period, and enhances synchronization. Increasing orifice diameter leads to an increase in bubble volume and enhances synchronization. Spacing between orifices doesn't play an important role in determining the bubbling regime. Based on the experimental observations, we develop new bubbling regime maps constructed using the dimensionless Capacitance number and Weber number.

Item Type:Article
Full text:Publisher-imposed embargo
(AM) Accepted Manuscript
File format - PDF
Full text:(VoR) Version of Record
Available under License - Creative Commons Attribution.
Download PDF
Publisher Web site:
Publisher statement:© 2019 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license. (
Date accepted:21 February 2019
Date deposited:21 February 2019
Date of first online publication:22 February 2019
Date first made open access:No date available

Save or Share this output

Look up in GoogleScholar