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Searching for the odderon in ultraperipheral proton-ion collisions at the LHC.

Harland-Lang, L. A. and Khoze, V. A. and Martin, A. D. and Ryskin, M. G. (2019) 'Searching for the odderon in ultraperipheral proton-ion collisions at the LHC.', Physical review D., 99 (3). 034011.

Abstract

We explore the possibility of observing odderon exchange in proton-ion collisions at the LHC, via the ultraperipheral photoproduction of C-even mesons. As well as the signal, we consider in detail the principle backgrounds, due to QCD-initiated production (i.e., double pomeron exchange) and γγ fusion.We find that while the photon-initiated background is dominant at very small momentum transfer, this can be effectively removed by placing a reasonable cut on the transverse momentum of the produced meson. In the case of QCD-initiated production, we show this is in general strongly suppressed by the small probability of no additional particle production in the central detector, namely the survival factor. In some scenarios, this suppression is sufficient to permit the observation of odderon exchange in Pb − p collisions in a clean environment, or else to place bounds on this. We in addition identify the cases of π0 and ηð548Þ production as particularly promising channels. Here, the QCD-initiated background is absent for π0 due to isospin conservation and very small for ηð548Þ due to its dominantly flavor octet nature and odd parity.

Item Type:Article
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Status:Peer-reviewed
Publisher Web site:https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.99.034011
Publisher statement:Published by the American Physical Society under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license. Further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the published article’s title, journal citation, and DOI. Funded by SCOAP3.
Date accepted:No date available
Date deposited:22 February 2019
Date of first online publication:20 February 2019
Date first made open access:22 February 2019

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