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Polymer extrudate-swell : from monodisperse melts to polydispersity and flow-induced reduction in monomer friction.

Robertson, Ben and Thompson, Richard L. and McLeish, Tom C. B. and Robinson, Ian (2019) 'Polymer extrudate-swell : from monodisperse melts to polydispersity and flow-induced reduction in monomer friction.', Journal of rheology., 63 (2). pp. 319-333.

Abstract

This paper describes finite-element simulations and associated experimental studies of extrudate swell for near-monodisperse and polydisperse polystyrenes. The tube-model based Rolie-Poly constitutive model, when extended to include a reduction of monomeric friction at high extension rates, makes much-improved predictions of extrudate swell at high Weissenberg number. This is especially significant for near-monodisperse polymers where rheological features are unchanged by the effects of polydispersity. Extension of this molecular rheology scheme to a polydisperse constitutive model addresses extrusion experiments on polydisperse polystyrenes inside a multipass rheometer, accounting for experimental data up to Rouse Weissenberg numbers of 50. We, therefore, show that from a measurement of polymer molecular weight distribution, it is possible to predict extrudate swell over a broad range of processing conditions for polydisperse polymers and realistic extrusion processes. Small changes in the capillary length to diameter ratio have little effect on extrudate swell in this range of Weissenberg number. This is because the capillary residence time is sufficiently long for a steady state to be reached within the polymer stretch relaxation time, which controls the most decisive physics responsible for extrudate swell.

Item Type:Article
Full text:Publisher-imposed embargo
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Status:Peer-reviewed
Publisher Web site:https://doi.org/10.1122/1.5058207
Publisher statement:This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Date accepted:No date available
Date deposited:06 March 2019
Date of first online publication:26 February 2019
Date first made open access:No date available

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