Renedo, J. and Ibrahim, A. A. and Kazemtabrizi, B. and Garcia-Cerrada, A. and Rouco, L. and Zhao, Q. and Garcia-Gonzalez, J. (2019) 'A simplified algorithm to solve optimal power flows in hybrid VSC-based AC/DC systems.', International journal of electrical power and energy systems, 110 . pp. 781-794.
High Voltage Direct Current systems based on Voltage Source Converters (VSC-HVDC) are increasingly being considered as a viable technology with advantages, above all when using underground or submarine cables, for bulk power transmission. In order to fully understand how VSC-HVDC systems can be best used within existing power systems, it is necessary to adapt conventional tools to carry out system-wide studies including this technology. Along this line, this paper proposes a simplified algorithm to solve optimal power flows (OPFs) in hybrid VSC-based Alternating Current/Direct Current (AC/DC) grids with multi-terminal VSC-HVDC systems. The proposed algorithm makes it possible to seamlessly extend a previous large-scale AC case to which several multi-terminal VSC-HVDC systems must be added. The proposed approach combines two ideas used previously in two different modelling approaches: each VSC is modelled as two generators with a coupling constraint; and DC grids are modelled as notional AC grids, since, in per unit, the equations for the former are a particular case of the latter with resistive lines and no reactive-power injections. In the proposed approach, the hybrid VSC-based AC/DC system is transformed into an equivalent only-AC system. Therefore, the OPF solution of the AC/DC system can be found with the same tool used for the previous AC problem and a simple extension of the original case.
|Full text:||(AM) Accepted Manuscript|
Available under License - Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.
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|Publisher Web site:||https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijepes.2019.03.044|
|Publisher statement:||©2019, This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/|
|Date accepted:||18 March 2019|
|Date deposited:||08 April 2019|
|Date of first online publication:||05 April 2019|
|Date first made open access:||05 April 2020|
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