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Carbohydrate-supramolecular gels : adsorbents for chromium(VI) removal from wastewater.

Rizzo, Carla and Andrews, Jessica L. and Steed, Jonathan W. and D'Anna, Francesca (2019) 'Carbohydrate-supramolecular gels : adsorbents for chromium(VI) removal from wastewater.', Journal of colloid and interface science., 548 . pp. 184-196.

Abstract

Hypothesis: To overcome the contamination of water by heavy metals the adsorption of the pollutant on gel phases is an attractive solution since gels are inexpensive, potentially highly efficient and form a distinct phase while allowing diffusion of the contaminated water throughout the material. This work tests the chromium(VI) adsorbent capacity of new supramolecular gels for Chromium(VI) removal from wastewater. Experiments: First hydrophobic imidazolium salts of carbohydrate anions were synthesised as new gelators. Subsequently, they were dissolved in a solvent by heating and, after cooling overnight, to give the formation of supramolecular gels. The properties of the resulting gels, such as thermal stability, mechanical strength, morphology, rheology, and kinetics of gel formation, were studied as a function of gelator structure, gelation solvent and pollutant removal efficiency. Findings: Carbohydrate-derived gels showed the best removal capacity, i.e. 97% in 24 h. Interestingly, in one case, the reduction of chromium(VI) to chromium(III) also occurred after the adsorption process, and this phenomenon has been analysed using 1H NMR spectroscopy, IR spectroscopy, and SEM. The most efficient gel can reach an adsorption capacity of 598 mg/g in contrast to a value of 153 mg/g for the most effectively best hydrogels reported to date. The new gel can be also recycled up to 4 times. These findings suggest that these new, supramolecular hydrogels have potential applications in environmental remediation.

Item Type:Article
Full text:(AM) Accepted Manuscript
Available under License - Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.
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Status:Peer-reviewed
Publisher Web site:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2019.04.034
Publisher statement:© 2019 This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Date accepted:11 April 2019
Date deposited:12 April 2019
Date of first online publication:11 April 2019
Date first made open access:11 April 2020

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