We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. By continuing to browse this repository, you give consent for essential cookies to be used. You can read more about our Privacy and Cookie Policy.

Durham Research Online
You are in:

Projected Pupil Plane Pattern (PPPP) with artificial neural networks.

Yang, H. and Gonzalez, C. and Bharmal, N.A. and de Cos, F. (2019) 'Projected Pupil Plane Pattern (PPPP) with artificial neural networks.', Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society., 487 (1). pp. 1480-1487.


Focus anisoplanatism is a significant measurement error when using one single laser guide star (LGS) in an Adaptive Optics (AO) system, especially for the next generation of extremely large telescopes. An alternative LGS configuration, called Projected Pupil Plane Pattern (PPPP) solves this problem by launching a collimated laser beam across the full pupil of the telescope. If using a linear, modal reconstructor, the high laser power requirement (∼1000 W) renders PPPP uncompetitive with Laser Tomography AO. This work discusses easing the laser power requirements by using an artificial Neural Network (NN) as a non-linear reconstructor. We find that the non-linear NN reduces the required measurement signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) significantly to reduce PPPP laser power requirements to ∼200 W for useful residual wavefront error (WFE). At this power level, the WFE becomes 160 nm root mean square (RMS) and 125 nm RMS when r0 = 0.098 m and 0.171 m respectively for turbulence profiles which are representative of conditions at the ESO Paranal observatory. In addition, it is shown that as a non-linear reconstructor, a NN can perform useful wavefront sensing using a beam-profile from one height as the input instead of the two profiles required as a minimum by the linear reconstructor.

Item Type:Article
Full text:(AM) Accepted Manuscript
Download PDF
Full text:(VoR) Version of Record
Download PDF
Publisher Web site:
Publisher statement:© 2019 The Author(s). Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society.
Date accepted:11 May 2019
Date deposited:23 May 2019
Date of first online publication:22 May 2019
Date first made open access:No date available

Save or Share this output

Look up in GoogleScholar