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The influence of molecular geometry on the efficiency of thermally activated delayed fluorescence.

Nobuyasu, Roberto S. and Ward, Jonathan S. and Gibson, Jamie and Laidlaw, Beth A. and Ren, Zhongjie and Data, Przemyslaw and Batsanov, Andrei S. and Penfold, Thomas J. and Bryce, Martin R and Dias, Fernando B. (2019) 'The influence of molecular geometry on the efficiency of thermally activated delayed fluorescence.', Journal of materials chemistry C., 7 (22). pp. 6672-6684.

Abstract

In this work we successfully developed a strategy for positively influencing the conformation of thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) molecules containing phenothiazine as the electron donor (D) unit, and dibenzothiophene-S,S-dioxide as the acceptor (A), linked in D–A and D–A–D structures. In this strategy the effect of restricted molecular geometry is explored to maximize TADF emission. The presence of bulky substituents in different positions on the donor unit forces the molecules to adopt an axial conformer where the singlet charge transfer state is shifted to higher energy, resulting in the oscillator strength and luminescence efficiency decreasing. With bulky substituents on the acceptor unit, the molecules adopt an equatorial geometry, where the donor and acceptor units are locked in relative near-orthogonal geometry. In this case the individual signatures of the donor and acceptor units are evident in the absorption spectra, demonstrating that the substituent in the acceptor uncouples the electronic linkage between the donor and acceptor more effectively than with donor substitution. In contrast with the axial conformers that show very weak TADF, even with a small singlet triplet gap, molecules with equatorial geometry show stronger oscillator strength and luminescence efficiency and are excellent TADF emitters. Acceptor-substituted molecules 6 and 7 in particular show extremely high TADF efficiency in solution and solid film, even with a singlet–triplet energy gap around 0.2 eV. This extensive study provides important criteria for the design of novel TADF and room temperature phosphorescence (RTP) emitters with optimized geometry.

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Status:Peer-reviewed
Publisher Web site:https://doi.org/10.1039/c9tc00720b
Publisher statement:This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported Licence.
Date accepted:03 May 2019
Date deposited:31 May 2019
Date of first online publication:29 May 2019
Date first made open access:No date available

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