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Effect of quantitative easing on the Indian economy : a dynamic stochastic general equilibrium perspective.

Banerjee, S. and Basu, P. (2015) 'Effect of quantitative easing on the Indian economy : a dynamic stochastic general equilibrium perspective.', Working Paper. Durham University Business School.


The e⁄ect of external Quantitative Easing (QE) on a small open economy such as India is analyzed using a dynamic stochastic general equilibrium (DSGE) model. The modelling is motivated by some broad empirical regularities of the Indian economy during the pre and post QE periods. QE is modelled as a negative foreign interest rate shock with a mean reverting pattern. The mean reversion reects the phasing out of the QE operation. In addition, we analyze the "news" e⁄ect of the tapering out phase of QE. Our model has standard frictions which include limited asset market participation of agents, home bias in consumption and nominal frictions in terms of staggered price settings. Monetary policy is modelled by the forward looking ination targeting Taylor rule. The model explores a novel transmission channel of QE via the terms of trade measured by the ratio of import to export prices. We show that the impact and news e⁄ects of QE work through the terms of trade via the uncovered interest parity condition. Our model reproduces two prominent features of the Indian data: (i) initial decline of the terms of trade followed by a sharp reversal, and (ii) divergent behaviour of foreign and domestic interest rates. The model is broadly consistent with other empirical regularities including a deationary spell in the Indian economy after 2012.

Item Type:Monograph (Working Paper)
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Date of first online publication:01 June 2015
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