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Compositional turnover and variation in Eemian pollen sequences in Europe.

Felde, Vivian A. and Flantua, Suzette G. A. and Jenks, Cathy R. and Benito, Blas M. and de Beaulieu, Jacques-Louis and Kuneš, Petr and Magri, Donatella and Nalepka, Dorota and Risebrobakken, Bjørg and ter Braak, Cajo J. F. and Allen, Judy R. M. and Granoszewski, Wojciech and Helmens, Karin F. and Huntley, Brian and Kondratienė, Ona and Kalniņa, Laimdota and Kupryjanowicz, Mirosława and Malkiewicz, Małgorzata and Milner, Alice M. and Nita, Małgorzata and Noryśkiewicz, Bożena and Pidek, Irena A. and Reille, Maurice and Salonen, J. Sakari and Šeirienė, Vaida and Winter, Hanna and Tzedakis, Polychronis C. and Birks, H. John B. (2020) 'Compositional turnover and variation in Eemian pollen sequences in Europe.', Vegetation history and archaeobotany., 29 (1). pp. 101-109.


The Eemian interglacial represents a natural experiment on how past vegetation with negligible human impact responded to amplified temperature changes compared to the Holocene. Here, we assemble 47 carefully selected Eemian pollen sequences from Europe to explore geographical patterns of (1) total compositional turnover and total variation for each sequence and (2) stratigraphical turnover between samples within each sequence using detrended canonical correspondence analysis, multivariate regression trees, and principal curves. Our synthesis shows that turnover and variation are highest in central Europe (47–55°N), low in southern Europe (south of 45°N), and lowest in the north (above 60°N). These results provide a basis for developing hypotheses about causes of vegetation change during the Eemian and their possible drivers.

Item Type:Article
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Publisher statement:This is a post-peer-review, pre-copyedit version of an article published in Vegetation History and Archaeobotany. The final authenticated version is available online at:
Date accepted:22 March 2019
Date deposited:11 June 2019
Date of first online publication:01 April 2019
Date first made open access:01 April 2020

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