We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. By continuing to browse this repository, you give consent for essential cookies to be used. You can read more about our Privacy and Cookie Policy.

Durham Research Online
You are in:

Increased lifetime of metastable skyrmions by controlled doping.

Birch, M. T. and Takagi, R. and Seki, S. and Wilson, M. N. and Kagawa, F. and Štefančič, A. and Balakrishnan, G. and Fan, R. and Steadman, P. and Ottley, C. J. and Crisanti, M. and Cubitt, R. and Lancaster, T. and Tokura, Y. and Hatton, P. D. (2019) 'Increased lifetime of metastable skyrmions by controlled doping.', Physical review B., 100 (1). 014425.


Previous observations of metastable magnetic skyrmions have shown that close to the equilibrium pocket the metastable state has a short lifetime, and therefore, rapid cooling is required to generate a significant skyrmion population at low temperatures. Here, we report that the lifetime of metastable skyrmions in crystals of Cu2OSeO3 is extended by a factor of 50 with the introduction of only 2.5% zinc doping, allowing over 50% of the population to survive when field cooling at a rate of just 1 K/min. Our systematic study suggests that the lifetime enhancement is due to the increase in the pinning site density, rather than an alteration to the energy barrier of the decay process. We expect that doping can be exploited to control the lifetime of the metastable SkL state in other chiral magnets, offering a method of engineering skyrmion materials towards application in future devices.

Item Type:Article
Full text:(VoR) Version of Record
Download PDF
Publisher Web site:
Publisher statement:Reprinted with permission from the American Physical Society: Birch, M. T., Takagi, R., Seki, S., Wilson, M. N., Kagawa, F., Štefančič, A., Balakrishnan, G., Fan, R., Steadman, P., Ottley, C. J., Crisanti, M., Cubitt, R., Lancaster, T., Tokura, Y. & Hatton, P. D. (2019). Increased lifetime of metastable skyrmions by controlled doping. Physical Review B 100(1): 014425 © 2019 by the American Physical Society. Readers may view, browse, and/or download material for temporary copying purposes only, provided these uses are for noncommercial personal purposes. Except as provided by law, this material may not be further reproduced, distributed, transmitted, modified, adapted, performed, displayed, published, or sold in whole or part, without prior written permission from the American Physical Society.
Date accepted:No date available
Date deposited:25 July 2019
Date of first online publication:22 July 2019
Date first made open access:25 July 2019

Save or Share this output

Look up in GoogleScholar