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Overpressure and its positive effect in deep sandstone reservoir quality of Bozhong Depression, offshore Bohai Bay Basin, China.

Wang, Xiao and He, Sheng and Jones, Stuart J. and Yang, Rui and Wei, Ajuan and Liu, Changhai and Liu, Qiang and Cheng, Chunyang and Liu, Weimin (2019) 'Overpressure and its positive effect in deep sandstone reservoir quality of Bozhong Depression, offshore Bohai Bay Basin, China.', Journal of petroleum science and engineering., 182 . p. 106362.

Abstract

Bohai Bay Basin is a Meso-Cenozoic terrestrial sedimentary basin in eastern China. Its offshore regions, including Bozhong and Liaodongwan Depressions, are favourable exploration targets which provide near a half of the petroleum reserves in the basin. Eocene Shahejie (Es) Formation and Oligocene Dongying (Ed) Formations are two important exploration targets in Bozhong Depression, and overpressure is commonly seen in Es and Ed Formations in this area. Our research examined the distribution characteristics of overpressure in the formations and suggest the main mechanism of overpressure is compaction disequilibrium due to the rapid sedimentation rates (~500 m/Ma) of fine-grained sediments in this area. Also, oil and gas generation within the thick mudstones of the two formations has added the magnitude of overpressure. We investigated the reservoir quality especially primary porosity in Es and Ed formations, and their relationship with overpressure. The positive effect of overpressure on reservoir porosity preservation was validated through microscopic observations and vertical effective stress (VES) analysis. We established a quantitative model for evaluating the relationship of overpressure, pore structures, porosity, and VES. The result suggests the overpressure in the targeted formations were primarily originated from undercompaction. The overpressure kept VES from increasing and helped preserve the primary intergranular porosity. The porosity preserved by overpressure can be significantly higher than normally compacted porosity under the same condition of depth and temperature.

Item Type:Article
Full text:(AM) Accepted Manuscript
Available under License - Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.
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Status:Peer-reviewed
Publisher Web site:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.petrol.2019.106362
Publisher statement:© 2019 This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Date accepted:08 August 2019
Date deposited:05 September 2019
Date of first online publication:09 August 2019
Date first made open access:09 August 2020

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