We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. By continuing to browse this repository, you give consent for essential cookies to be used. You can read more about our Privacy and Cookie Policy.

Durham Research Online
You are in:

How to recruit and retain teachers in hard-to-staff areas : a systematic review of the empirical evidence.

See, B.H. and Gorard, S. and Morris, R. and el-Soufi, N. (2020) 'How to recruit and retain teachers in hard-to-staff areas : a systematic review of the empirical evidence.', in Exploring teacher recruitment and retention. Abingdon, Oxon: Taylor & Francis, pp. 148-162.


Attracting and retaining qualified teachers in some subjects, schools and geographical areas is a common challenge facing school staffing policies in many developed countries. Chapter 13 summarises a systematic review of international research looking for robust evidence of what works in attracting and retaining teachers in these challenging schools. The review found little evidence on most approaches. The one approach with the most promising evidence is the use of monetary inducements for attracting and retaining teachers in general, and especially in schools and areas which are facing teacher shortages. These incentives are only effective if they come with a tie-in where teachers are committed to move or stay in those schools/areas for a period or continue to teach the shortage subjects. Funding is contingent on teachers agreeing to do so. There is no evidence as yet whether other measures like mentoring and induction, professional development and alternative routes to teaching have been effective. This is largely because research in this area is not robust enough to draw causal conclusions. Robust research capable of addressing causal questions is therefore urgently required to determine the impact of these other approaches.

Item Type:Book chapter
Full text:(AM) Accepted Manuscript
Download PDF
Publisher Web site:
Publisher statement:This is an Accepted Manuscript of a book chapter published by Routledge in Exploring Teacher Recruitment and Retention on 1 October 2020 available online:
Date accepted:03 July 2019
Date deposited:04 November 2019
Date of first online publication:01 October 2020
Date first made open access:01 April 2022

Save or Share this output

Look up in GoogleScholar