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Adding value to waste minerals in a circular economy framework: ochre-derived layered double hydroxide catalysts in fatty acid ketonisation.

Perera-Solis, Diego D. and Pimlott, Matilda and Fidment, Ella and Whiting, Andrew and Greenwell, Hugh Christopher (2019) 'Adding value to waste minerals in a circular economy framework: ochre-derived layered double hydroxide catalysts in fatty acid ketonisation.', Minerals., 9 (11). p. 681.


Mineral carbonation is known to be among the most efficient ways to reduce the anthropogenic emissions of carbon dioxide. Serpentine minerals (Mg3Si2O5(OH)4), have shown great potential for carbonation. A way to improve yield is to thermally activate serpentine minerals prior to the carbonation reaction. This step is of great importance as it controls Mg2+ leaching, one of the carbonation reaction limiting factors. Previous studies have focused on the optimization of the thermal activation by determining the ideal activation temperature. However, to date, none of these studies have considered the impacts of the thermal activation on the efficiency of the aqueous-phase mineral carbonation at ambient temperature and moderate pressure in flue gas conditions. Several residence times and temperatures of activation have been tested to evaluate their impact on serpentine dissolution in conditions similar to mineral carbonation. The mineralogical composition of the treated solids has been studied using X-ray diffraction coupled with a quantification using the Rietveld refinement method. A novel approach in order to quantify the meta-serpentine formed during dehydroxylation is introduced. The most suitable mineral assemblage for carbonation is found to be a mixture of the different amorphous phases identified. This study highlights the importance of the mineralogical assemblage obtained during the dehydroxylation process and its impact on the magnesium availability during dissolution in the carbonation reaction.

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Publisher statement:© 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (
Date accepted:01 November 2019
Date deposited:05 November 2019
Date of first online publication:2019
Date first made open access:05 November 2019

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