We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. By continuing to browse this repository, you give consent for essential cookies to be used. You can read more about our Privacy and Cookie Policy.

Durham Research Online
You are in:

Automated wind velocity profiling from adaptive optics telemetry.

Laidlaw, Douglas J. and Osborn, James and Morris, Timothy J. and Basden, Alastair G. and Gendron, Eric and Rousset, Gérard and Townson, Matthew J. and Wilson, Richard W. (2020) 'Automated wind velocity profiling from adaptive optics telemetry.', Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society., 491 (1). pp. 1287-1294.


Ground-based adaptive optics (AO) systems can use temporal control techniques to greatly improve image resolution. A measure of wind velocity as a function of altitude is needed to minimize the temporal errors associated with these systems. Spatio-temporal analysis of AO telemetry can express the wind velocity profile using the SLODAR technique. However, the limited altitude-resolution of current AO systems makes it difficult to disentangle the movement of independent layers. It is therefore a challenge to create an algorithm that can recover the wind velocity profile through SLODAR data analysis. In this study we introduce a novel technique for automated wind velocity profiling from AO telemetry. Simulated and on-sky centroid data from CANARY - an AO testbed on the 4.2 m William Herschel telescope, La Palma - is used to demonstrate the proficiency of the technique. Wind velocity profiles measured on-sky are compared to contemporaneous measurements from Stereo-SCIDAR, a dedicated high-resolution atmospheric profiler. They are also compared to European centre for medium-range weather forecasts. The software package that we developed to complete this study is open source.

Item Type:Article
Full text:(AM) Accepted Manuscript
Download PDF
Publisher Web site:
Publisher statement:This article has been accepted for publication in the Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society ©: 2019 The Author(s). Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Date accepted:18 October 2019
Date deposited:08 November 2019
Date of first online publication:04 November 2019
Date first made open access:08 November 2019

Save or Share this output

Look up in GoogleScholar