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Does culture shape face perception in autism? cross-cultural evidence of the own-race advantage from the UK and Japan.

Hanley, Mary and Riby, Deborah M and Derges, Michael-John and Douligeri, Anna and Philyaw, Zackary and Ikeda, Takahiro and Monden, Yukifumi and Shimoizumi, Hideo and Yamagata, Takanori and Hirai, Masahiro (2020) 'Does culture shape face perception in autism? cross-cultural evidence of the own-race advantage from the UK and Japan.', Developmental science., 23 (5). e12942.


Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are associated with face perception atypicalities, and atypical experience with faces has been proposed as an underlying explanation. Studying the own‐race advantage (ORA) for face recognition can reveal the effect of experience on face perception in ASD, although the small number of studies in the area present mixed findings. The current study probed the ORA in ASD by comparing two cultural groups simultaneously for the first time. Children with ASD in the UK (N=16) and Japan (N=26) were compared to age and ability matched TD children in the UK (N=16) and Japan (N=26). Participants completed a two‐alternative forced‐choice task, whereby they had to recognise a just‐seen face from a foil which was manipulated in one of four ways (IC: identity change; EE: easy eyes; HE: hard eyes; HM: hard mouth). Face stimuli were Asian and Caucasian, and thus the same stimuli were own and other‐race depending on the cultural group. The ASD groups in the UK and Japan did not show impaired face recognition abilities, or impairments with recognising faces depending on manipulations to the eye region, and importantly they showed an ORA. There was considerable heterogeneity in the presence of the ORA in ASD and TD and also across cultures. Children in Japan had higher accuracy than children in the UK, and TD children in Japan did not show an ORA. The present cross‐cultural study challenges the view that atypical experiences with faces lead to a reduced/absent ORA in ASD.

Item Type:Article
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Publisher statement:This is the accepted version of the following article: Hanley, M., Riby, D. M., Derges, MJ., Douligeri, A. Philyaw, Z., Ikeda, T., Monden, Y., Shimoizumi, H., Yamagata, T. & Hirai, M. (2020). Does culture shape face perception in autism? Cross-cultural evidence of the own-race advantage from the UK and Japan. Developmental Science 23(5): e12942 which has been published in final form at This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.
Date accepted:30 December 2019
Date deposited:21 January 2020
Date of first online publication:11 February 2020
Date first made open access:11 February 2021

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