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Discovery of a powerful >1061 erg AGN outburst in the distant galaxy cluster SPT-CLJ0528-5300.

Calzadilla, Michael S. and McDonald, Michael and Bayliss, Matthew and Benson, Bradford A. and Bleem, Lindsey E. and Brodwin, Mark and Edge, Alastair C. and Floyd, Benjamin and Gupta, Nikhel and Hlavacek-Larrondo, Julie and McNamara, Brian R. and Reichardt, Christian L. (2019) 'Discovery of a powerful >1061 erg AGN outburst in the distant galaxy cluster SPT-CLJ0528-5300.', Astrophysical journal., 887 (1). L17.


We present ~103 ks of Chandra observations of the galaxy cluster SPT-CLJ0528-5300 (SPT0528, z = 0.768). This cluster harbors the most radio-loud (L 1.4GHz = 1.01 × 1033 erg s−1 Hz−1) central active galactic nucleus (AGN) of any cluster in the South Pole Telescope (SPT) Sunyaev–Zeldovich survey with available X-ray data. We find evidence of AGN-inflated cavities in the X-ray emission, which are consistent with the orientation of the jet direction revealed by Australia Telescope Compact Array radio data. The combined probability that two such depressions—each at ~1.4–1.8σ significance, oriented ~180° apart and aligned with the jet axis—would occur by chance is 0.1%. At gsim1061 erg, the outburst in SPT0528 is among the most energetic known in the universe, and certainly the most powerful known at z > 0.25. This work demonstrates that such powerful outbursts can be detected even in shallow X-ray exposures out to relatively high redshifts (z ~ 0.8), providing an avenue for studying the evolution of extreme AGN feedback. The ratio of the cavity power (${P}_{\mathrm{cav}}=(9.4\pm 5.8)\times {10}^{45}$ erg s−1) to the cooling luminosity (L cool = (1.5 ± 0.5) × 1044 erg s−1) for SPT0528 is among the highest measured to date. If, in the future, additional systems are discovered at similar redshifts with equally high P cav/L cool ratios, it would imply that the feedback/cooling cycle was not as gentle at high redshifts as in the low-redshift universe.

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Publisher statement:© 2019. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Date accepted:23 November 2019
Date deposited:22 January 2020
Date of first online publication:10 December 2019
Date first made open access:22 January 2020

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