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An ALMA survey of the SCUBA-2 Cosmology Legacy Survey UKIDSS/UDS field : dust attenuation in high-redshift Lyman break galaxies.

Koprowski, M. P. and Coppin, K. E. K. and E. Geach, J. and Dudzevičiūtė, U. and Smail, I. and Almaini, O. and An, F. and Blain, A. W. and Chapman, S. C. and Chen, Chian-Chou and Conselice, C. J. and Dunlop, J. S. and Farrah, D. and Gullberg, B. and Hartley, W. and Ivison, R. J. and Karska, A. and Maltby, D. and MaÅek, K. and Michałowski, M. J. and Pope, A. and Salim, S. and Scott, D. and Simpson, C. J. and Simpson, J. M. and Swinbank, A. M. and Thomson, A. P. and Wardlow, J. L. and van der Werf, P. P. and Whitaker, K. E. (2020) 'An ALMA survey of the SCUBA-2 Cosmology Legacy Survey UKIDSS/UDS field : dust attenuation in high-redshift Lyman break galaxies.', Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society., 492 (4). pp. 4927-4944.


We analyse 870μm Atacama Large Millimetre Array (ALMA) dust continuum detections of 41 canonically-selected z ≃ 3 Lyman-break galaxies (LBGs), as well as 209 ALMA-undetected LBGs, in follow-up of SCUBA-2 mapping of the UKIDSS Ultra Deep Survey (UDS) field. We find that our ALMA-bright LBGs lie significantly off the local IRX-beta relation and have relatively bluer rest-frame UV slopes (as parametrised by β), given their high values of the ‘infrared excess’ (IRX ≡ LIR/LUV), relative to the average ‘local’ IRX-β relation. We attribute this finding in part to the young ages of the underlying stellar populations but we find that the main reason behind the unusually blue UV slopes are the relatively shallow slopes of the corresponding dust attenuation curves. We show that, when stellar masses, M*, are being established via SED fitting, it is absolutely crucial to allow the attenuation curves to vary (rather than fixing it on Calzetti-like law), where we find that the inappropriate curves may underestimate the resulting stellar masses by a factor of ≃2-3× on average. In addition, we find these LBGs to have relatively high specific star-formation rates (sSFRs), dominated by the dust component, as quantified via the fraction of obscured star formation (⁠fobs≡SFRIR/SFRUV+IR⁠) . We conclude that the ALMA-bright LBGs are, by selection, massive galaxies undergoing a burst of a star formation (large sSFRs, driven, for example, by secular or merger processes), with a likely geometrical disconnection of the dust and stars , responsible for producing shallow dust attenuation curves.

Item Type:Article
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Publisher statement:This article has been accepted for publication in the Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society ©: 2020 The Author(s). Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Date accepted:02 January 2020
Date deposited:23 January 2020
Date of first online publication:20 January 2020
Date first made open access:23 January 2020

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