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A nearshore Hirnantian brachiopod fauna from South China and its ecological significance.

Huang, Bing and Rong, Jiayu and Harper, David A.T. and Zhou, Hanghang (2020) 'A nearshore Hirnantian brachiopod fauna from South China and its ecological significance.', Journal of paleontology., 94 (2). pp. 239-254.

Abstract

The brachiopods collected from the Kuanyinchiao Beds (Hirnantian, uppermost Ordovician) in Meitan and Zunyi counties, northern Guizhou, include 13 species and one undetermined taxon, dominated by Hirnantia sagittifera (M'Coy, 1851) (which accounts for over one-third of the specimens), together with common Eostropheodonta hirnantensis (M'Coy, 1851). They are assigned to the Hirnantia–Eostropheodonta Community, which probably inhabited a shallow-water, nearshore Benthic Assemblage (BA) 2 to upper BA 3 environment. Population analysis shows that the community was well adapted to this environment after the first phase of the end-Ordovician mass extinction. Representative specimens of all the species are illustrated, and a new species, Minutomena missa, is described herein. The variation in Hirnantia sagittifera was noted in many of previous studies but was not statistically evidenced. Here we have measured representative specimens of that famous species from the major paleoplates and terranes in the world, along with other species assigned to the genus from South China. Having used principal component analysis (PCA), significant variations in the species are documented statistically and revised, and three nominal species, one subspecies, and two morphotypes are now reassigned to Hirnantia sagittifera sensu stricto.

Item Type:Article
Full text:(AM) Accepted Manuscript
Available under License - Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.
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Status:Peer-reviewed
Publisher Web site:https://doi.org/10.1017/jpa.2019.90
Publisher statement:This article has been published in a revised form in Journal of paleontology http://doi.org/10.1017/jpa.2019.90. This version is published under a Creative Commons CC-BY-NC-ND. No commercial re-distribution or re-use allowed. Derivative works cannot be distributed. © The Paleontological Society.
Date accepted:05 November 2019
Date deposited:23 January 2020
Date of first online publication:26 November 2019
Date first made open access:26 May 2020

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