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'You just had to get on with it': exploring the persistence of gender inequality through women’s career histories.

Ford, J. and Atkinson, C. and Harding, N. and Collinson, D. (2021) ''You just had to get on with it': exploring the persistence of gender inequality through women’s career histories.', Work, employment and society., 35 (1). pp. 78-96.


This article examines the career histories of the first generation of UK women to enter professional employment in the 1970s and 1980s in comparatively large numbers. In so doing, it contributes to the sparse literature on older women’s working life histories. Presenting empirical research on women’s experiences in the legal and HR sectors, it reveals how women pioneers were often silenced by requirements to conform with male-dominated norms, values and practices governing masculine career pathways. They learned to speak a predominantly masculine language that in turn constituted a significant barrier to effective resistance and disallowed new ways of speaking about careers. The article argues that these earlier conditions of entry into careers continue to influence the barriers women face at work today. Through this analysis of older women’s working lives, the article also contributes to contemporary debates about intersectionality by illustrating how gender and age interact in ways that reinforce earlier patterns of career disadvantage.

Item Type:Article
Full text:Publisher-imposed embargo
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Available under License - Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial 4.0.
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Available under License - Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial.
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Publisher statement:This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 License ( which permits non-commercial use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the SAGE and Open Access page (
Date accepted:10 February 2020
Date deposited:12 February 2020
Date of first online publication:21 May 2020
Date first made open access:04 March 2020

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