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Neurovascular coupling by functional near infra-red spectroscopy and sport-related concussion in retired rugby players : the UK Rugby Health Project.

Sharma, A. and Hind, K. and Hume, P. and Singh, J. and Neary, P. (2020) 'Neurovascular coupling by functional near infra-red spectroscopy and sport-related concussion in retired rugby players : the UK Rugby Health Project.', Frontiers in human neuroscience., 14 . p. 42.

Abstract

Aim: This study investigated haemodynamic responses to a neurovascular coupling test in retired contact athletes with a history of repeated mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and in controls with no history of mTBI. Methods: 21 retired rugby players (47.7 ± 12.9 yr old; age at retirement: 38.5 ± 8.9 yr) with a history of 3 or more diagnosed concussions (8.9 ± 7.9 concussions per player) and 23 controls with no history of mTBI (46.5 ± 12.8 yr old) performed a neurovascular coupling test to detect task orientated haemodynamic changes using functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS). Results: The neurovascular coupling showed a significant diminished haemodynamic response in comparison to the control group which had a greater relative increase of oxyhaemoglobin (O2Hb). There were reductions in left middle frontal gyrus O2Hb and increases in deoxyhaemoglobin (HHb) in the same region for the mTBI group. These results suggest altered cerebral metabolic demands in participants with a history of multiple head injuries. The mTBI group induced a greater rate of oxygen extraction compared to the control group. Conclusion: This was the first study to examine haemodynamic changes in retired rugby players in response to a neurovascular coupling test and we found reduced cerebral haemodynamic responses in participants with a history of mTBI compared to controls. Further research is needed to ascertain an understanding of the changes in haemodynamics from playing, into retirement.

Item Type:Article
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Status:Peer-reviewed
Publisher Web site:https://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2020.00042
Publisher statement:Copyright: © 2020 Sharma, Hind, Hume, Singh and Neary. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
Date accepted:27 January 2020
Date deposited:13 February 2020
Date of first online publication:13 February 2020
Date first made open access:13 February 2020

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