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Interpreting observations of absorption lines in the circumgalactic medium with a turbulent medium.

Buie, Edward and Fumagalli, Michele and Scannapieco, Evan (2020) 'Interpreting observations of absorption lines in the circumgalactic medium with a turbulent medium.', Astrophysical journal., 890 (1). p. 33.

Abstract

Single-phase photoionization equilibrium (PIE) models are often used to infer the underlying physical properties of galaxy halos probed in absorption with ions at different ionization potentials. To incorporate the effects of turbulence, we use the Models of Agitated and Illuminated Hindering and Emitting Media (MAIHEM) code to model an isotropic turbulent medium exposed to a redshift-zero metagalactic UV background, while tracking the ionizations, recombinations, and species-by-species radiative cooling for a wide range of ions. By comparing observations and simulations over a wide range of turbulent velocities, densities, and metallicity with a Markov chain Monte Carlo technique, we find that MAIHEM models provide an equally good fit to the observed low-ionization species compared to PIE models, while reproducing at the same time high-ionization species such as Si iv and O vi. By including multiple phases, MAIHEM models favor a higher metallicity (Z/Z ⊙ ≈ 40%) for the circumgalactic medium compared to PIE models. Furthermore, all of the solutions require some amount of turbulence (σ 3D $\geqslant $ 26 km s−1). Correlations between turbulence, metallicity, column density, and impact parameter are discussed alongside mechanisms that drive turbulence within the halo.

Item Type:Article
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Status:Peer-reviewed
Publisher Web site:https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/ab65bc
Publisher statement:© 2020. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Date accepted:23 December 2019
Date deposited:17 April 2020
Date of first online publication:10 February 2020
Date first made open access:17 April 2020

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