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Dynamics of compact vortex rings generated by axial swirlers at early stage.

He, Chuangxin and Gan, Lian and Liu, Yingzheng (2020) 'Dynamics of compact vortex rings generated by axial swirlers at early stage.', Physics of fluid., 32 (4). 045104.


This work concentrates on the study of flow dynamics of swirl vortex rings at the Reynolds number Re = 20 000 using a combination of the planar- and stereo-particle image velocimetry (PIV) measurements and dynamic delayed detached-eddy simulation. Particular attention is paid to the identification of the large-scale azimuthal modes in the vortex ring propagation process. In the experiments, vortex rings are issued from piston-driven axial swirlers with the swirl number ranges from S = 0 to 1.10. The stroke ratio L/D = 1.5 is used to produce a compact vortex ring without a trailing jet. PIV measurements are conducted in a water tank, while the in-plane component flow velocities on the longitudinal center plane and the three-component flow velocities on the cross section plane at several downstream locations according to the ring trajectories are obtained. In the simulation, the axial swirlers are also included, while the piston motion is realized by imposing a time-dependent inflow condition. Two types of dynamic effects in the vortex ring propagation process are captured by the planar-PIV measurement: the arriving time effect and the azimuthal effect, which induce parallel shift of the vortex ring core and the radial tilting of the vortex sheet, respectively. These modes are identified using the stereo-PIV results by applying the fast Fourier transform in the azimuthal direction, followed by the proper orthogonal decomposition on the radial and temporal directions. It shows that both m = 0 and 1 modes (m is the azimuthal wave number) coexist in the weakly swirled vortex rings, while the m = 2 mode arises and the m = 0 mode decays at high swirl numbers. The simulation also identifies the m = 1 and 2 modes, while the m = 2 mode has a large pitch with respect to the formation time.

Item Type:Article
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Publisher statement:© 2020 American Institute of Physics. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the American Institute of Physics. The following article appeared in He, Chuangxin, Gan, Lian & Liu, Yingzheng (2020). Dynamics of Compact Vortex Rings Generated by Axial Swirlers at Early Stage. Physics of Fluids 32(4): 045104 and may be found at
Date accepted:17 March 2020
Date deposited:23 April 2020
Date of first online publication:06 April 2020
Date first made open access:23 April 2020

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