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A global database of Holocene paleotemperature records.

Kaufman, Darrell and McKay, Nicholas and Routson, Cody and Erb, Michael and Davis, Basil and Heiri, Oliver and Jaccard, Samuel and Tierney, Jessica and Dätwyler, Christoph and Axford, Yarrow and Brussel, Thomas and Cartapanis, Olivier and Chase, Brian and Dawson, Andria and de Vernal, Anne and Engels, Stefan and Jonkers, Lukas and Marsicek, Jeremiah and Moffa-Sánchez, Paola and Morrill, Carrie and Orsi, Anais and Rehfeld, Kira and Saunders, Krystyna and Sommer, Philipp S. and Thomas, Elizabeth and Tonello, Marcela and Tóth, Mónika and Vachula, Richard and Andreev, Andrei and Bertrand, Sebastien and Biskaborn, Boris and Bringué, Manuel and Brooks, Stephen and Caniupán, Magaly and Chevalier, Manuel and Cwynar, Les and Emile-Geay, Julien and Fegyveresi, John and Feurdean, Angelica and Finsinger, Walter and Fortin, Marie-Claude and Foster, Louise and Fox, Mathew and Gajewski, Konrad and Grosjean, Martin and Hausmann, Sonja and Heinrichs, Markus and Holmes, Naomi and Ilyashuk, Boris and Ilyashuk, Elena and Juggins, Steve and Khider, Deborah and Koinig, Karin and Langdon, Peter and Larocque-Tobler, Isabelle and Li, Jianyong and Lotter, André and Luoto, Tomi and Mackay, Anson and Magyari, Eniko and Malevich, Steven and Mark, Bryan and Massaferro, Julieta and Montade, Vincent and Nazarova, Larisa and Novenko, Elena and Pařil, Petr and Pearson, Emma and Peros, Matthew and Pienitz, Reinhard and Płóciennik, Mateusz and Porinchu, David and Potito, Aaron and Rees, Andrew and Reinemann, Scott and Roberts, Stephen and Rolland, Nicolas and Salonen, Sakari and Self, Angela and Seppä, Heikki and Shala, Shyhrete and St-Jacques, Jeannine-Marie and Stenni, Barbara and Syrykh, Liudmila and Tarrats, Pol and Taylor, Karen and van den Bos, Valerie and Velle, Gaute and Wahl, Eugene and Walker, Ian and Wilmshurst, Janet and Zhang, Enlou and Zhilich, Snezhana (2020) 'A global database of Holocene paleotemperature records.', Scientific data., 7 (1). p. 115.

Abstract

A comprehensive database of paleoclimate records is needed to place recent warming into the longer-term context of natural climate variability. We present a global compilation of quality-controlled, published, temperature-sensitive proxy records extending back 12,000 years through the Holocene. Data were compiled from 679 sites where time series cover at least 4000 years, are resolved at sub-millennial scale (median spacing of 400 years or finer) and have at least one age control point every 3000 years, with cut-off values slackened in data-sparse regions. The data derive from lake sediment (51%), marine sediment (31%), peat (11%), glacier ice (3%), and other natural archives. The database contains 1319 records, including 157 from the Southern Hemisphere. The multi-proxy database comprises paleotemperature time series based on ecological assemblages, as well as biophysical and geochemical indicators that reflect mean annual or seasonal temperatures, as encoded in the database. This database can be used to reconstruct the spatiotemporal evolution of Holocene temperature at global to regional scales, and is publicly available in Linked Paleo Data (LiPD) format.

Item Type:Article
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Status:Peer-reviewed
Publisher Web site:https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-020-0445-3
Publisher statement:This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. Te images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/. Te Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/ applies to the metadata fles associated with this article. © The Author(s) 2020.
Date accepted:09 March 2020
Date deposited:29 April 2020
Date of first online publication:14 April 2020
Date first made open access:29 April 2020

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