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Nonlinear structure formation in Bound Dark Energy.

Almaraz, Erick and Li, Baojiu and de la Macorra, Axel (2020) 'Nonlinear structure formation in Bound Dark Energy.', Journal of cosmology and astroparticle physics., 2020 . 016.


We study nonlinear structure formation in the Bound Dark Energy model (BDE), where dark energy (DE) corresponds to a light scalar meson particle phgr dynamically formed at a condensation energy scale Λc. The evolution of this dark-energy meson is determined by the potential V(phgr)=Λc4+2/3phgr−2/3, with a distinguishing phenomenology from other quintessence scenarios. Particularly, the expansion rate of the universe is affected not only at late times, but also when the condensation of phgr occurs, which in linear theory leads to an enhancement (with respect to standard ΛCDM) of matter perturbations on small scales. We study how much of this signature is still present at late times as well as the properties of dark matter halos in the nonlinear regime through N-body simulations. Our results show that nonlinear corrections wash out this feature from the matter power spectrum even before DE becomes dominant. There is, however, a small but clear suppression of the BDE spectrum of 2% today on the largest scales due to the distinct late-time dynamics of DE. The differences on the clustering power between BDE and ΛCDM are reflected in the halo mass function, where small halos are more abundant in BDE as opposed to large heavy structures, whose formation is delayed because of the expansion history of the universe. This result is well captured by the semi-analytical Sheth-Tormen formula. However, despite these differences, the halo concentration parameter is essentially the same in both models, which suggest that clustering inside the halos decouple from the general expansion once the halos form.

Item Type:Article
Full text:(AM) Accepted Manuscript
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Publisher statement:The deposited manuscript is available under a CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 licence.
Date accepted:18 February 2020
Date deposited:12 May 2020
Date of first online publication:05 March 2020
Date first made open access:05 March 2021

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